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Chess is a mental game of skill and strategy dating to the 6th century. Chess was invented in India and initially was called Chaturanga. However, other people believe that the game was in fact derived from the Chinese game of Xiangqi, which dates back to the second century B.C.

The game was soon adopted by most European countries and also spread across Asia.

Early versions of the game had slightly different rules.
Diagonal movement of the queen was limited to one space at a time, bishops could only move two spaces at a time in a diagonal movement.

The modern rules of chess were set in the beginning of the 19th century: the queen became the most powerful element on the board, moving diagonally, horizontally or vertically by any number of squares as long as it is not occupied.

The Federation Internationale des Echecs (FIDE) is the governing body that organises and manages the World Chess Championship. There are also the World Junior Chess Championship and National Chess Championships in most countries.

Computers are also used as playing machines since the 1950s. With the increase in computer power and speed, the best computer programs  are now able to compete against the best human players and win.

Well-known games between man and computer include Garry Kasparov against IBM’s Deep Blue in 1996. Kasparov won the confrontation but later lost a re-match in 1997 against IBM’s machine.

Russian Grandmaster Vladimir Kramnik competed against Deep Fritz in 2002 and the game resulted in a tie. The following year, Kasparov played against Deep Junior which ended in a 3 to 3 tie.

Some of the very best chess players ever to play the game include Bobby Fisher, Jose Raul Capablanca, Gary Kasparov, Emanuel Lasker, Boris Spassky and Anatoly Karpov (advanced chess tips).

The top ten players,src_456.html  currently listed by the FIDE are: Veselin Topalov (2813), Viswanathan Anand (2779), Vladimir Kramnik (2750), Peter Svidler (2750), Alexander Morozevich (2747), Vassily Ivanchuk (2741), Levon Aronian (2741), Peter Leko (2741), Michael Adams (2735) and Boris Gelfand (2733).

The basics structure of the game includes sixteen pieces for each player. These pieces are made of eight pawns (on the second row), two bishops, two castles (rooks), two knights, one queen and one king (all these on the first row). The board, which is eight rows by eight columns) leaves the middle four rows empty until the game starts.

It is also important to understand that each pieces move differently on the board. The king can only move one square at a time, either in horizontal, vertical or diagonal directions, chess tutorial or chess training. The queen can move in all three directions and also as many squares as needed as long as it is not already occupied.

The castle can move both vertically or horizontally and by any amount of squares as long as it is free.  The bishop also can move by any number of squares, as long as it is vacant but only diagonally.

The knight moves in "L" shape patterns, either two vertically and one horizontally or vice versa. The knight can also jump over occupied squares.

Finally, the pawn can move one square, except for its very first move where it can move forward by two squares. The pawn cannot move backward and is blocked by all other pieces in his way. Advanced chess tips or advanced positional chess best chess moves, chess board set up and chess rules.

The goal of the game,chess+src_953.html   is to checkmate your opponent, which is to put his king under attack where it can no longer be saved.  Checkmate originates from the Persian term "‘shah mat", or "the king is defeated".


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